The working memory model contains a vast amount of strong points, however we don’t know completely everything regarding the working memory model, so there is an opportunity for it to be developed further and intensify our understanding of our shot term memory.
The working memory model is good and is an improvement over the multi-store model. It demonstrates how the short term memory works because it explains how we can store information briefly and simultaneously manipulate it, for example, mental arithmetic.Outline and evaluate the working memory model These words are then looped to create a form of maintenance rehearsal. Another element to the slave systems is the visuo-spatial sketchpad. This is used when you have to plan a spatial class like getting to one room to another.Evaluation of the Working Memory Model Strengths: - The WMM provides an explanation for parallel processing (i.e. where processes involved in a cognitive task occur at once), unlike Atkinson and Shiffrin’s MSM.
Outline and evaluate the working memory model Essay Sample. The working memory model has three separate components. The central executive system allocates attention to different inputs and monitoring the operation of the other two components.
Outline And Evaluate The Working Model Of Memory Baddeley and Hitch proposed that memory has 4 components.The central executive, phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad and the episodic buffer.The central executive decides how to share out and direct attention to incoming information.
The working memory model has strength over the multi-store model as it provides with a more in depth analysis of short term memory than the multi store model. It also helps to explain why individuals may be better at some short term memory tasks, but not others.
Suggested Answer: The working memory model (WMM) was proposed by Baddeley and Hitch (1974) to account for some of the limitations of the multi-store model. They felt that short-term memory consists of multiple stores and not just one unitary store and that STM is an active process (hence working memory).
Outline and evaluate the Working Memory Model. The Working Memory Model (WMM) is a model of the STM. The WMM was proposed by Baddeley and Hitch when they carried out a Dual-task method experiment only to find that the MSM was too simple as it stated that the STM is only one store.
Baddeley’s 2000 working memory model can be applied to real life situations such as patients with amnesia and Alzheimer’s disease. However the model should be developed further by analysing the true measurement of its capacity.
The working memory model was proposed by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974. This was an alternative to the multi-store model because they believed it was too simplistic and did not explain how memories are transferred into the long term memory without rehearsal which can be supported by flashbulb memories e. g. the death of princess Diana.
Resource includes answers to the following essay questions: Outline and evaluate research related to the features of short-term memory (16) Discuss the multi-store model of memory (16) Describe and evaluate different types of long-term memory (16) Describe and evaluate the working memory model (16).
Outline and evaluate the working memory model (16 marks) Challenging evidence: With evidence that challenges a theory, this usually leads to further research to see if the challenging findings were just a one off, or specific to the conditions of the study.
Baddeley and Hitch proposed the Working Memory Model (WMM) and supported their findings through conducting experiments which proved that the participants couldn’t perform two tasks if they were competing for the use of the same section of the WMM.
Working memory has also been useful in understanding some of the cognitive changes associated with mental illnesses. For example, Park et al. (1999) found that working memory deficit may be an important indicator in schizophrenia. There are many strengths and weaknesses of the working memory model.
Baddeley and Hitch (1974) developed an alternative model of short-term memory which they called the working memory model. The working memory model consists of four components. The central executive which controls and co-ordinates the operation of two subsystems, the phonological loop and the visuo-spatial sketchpad.
Working memory is supported by dual task studies (Baddeley and Hitch, 1976). The working memory model does not over emphasise the importance of rehearsal for STM retention, in contrast to the multistore model. Although brilliant in most aspects there are a few criticisms in the working of the working memory model.
The multi-store model of memory has been criticised in many ways. The following example illustrates a possible criticism. Some students read through their revision notes lots of times before an examination, but still find it difficult to remember the information.